Tech 101: What is WordPress?
Everything you ever wanted to know about WordPress, and then some!
If you’ve spent any time researching the skills it takes to transition into the tech industry, you’ve heard about web development and web developers. Web development is the process of creating websites and publishing them online, and developers are the people who get paid to do the job.
There’s a good chance you’ve also heard about WordPress and WordPress developers, and maybe you’ve found yourself wondering: is there a difference?
The answer is: yes and no. That’s why today we’re diving into the nuances of what WordPress is (and what it isn’t) to explain exactly how it’s used—and why it’s useful.
What is WordPress?
When it comes to building websites, there are two direct ways to get the job done:
- Building from scratch
- Building in a content management system (like WordPress)
The second approach to web development involves building sites using a content management system, or CMS. A CMS is a software application that lets users create, publish, and manage digital content online), which brings us to WordPress.
WordPress (the version that’s free to download and install on your computer from WordPress.org—not to be confused with the blogging platform available from WordPress.com) is a CMS, but—more specifically—it’s the industry standard CMS. In fact 59.3 percent of people use it compared to competitors like Drupal (3.7%) and Squarespace (2.5%) according to web technology survey site W3Techs. If you’re using a CMS platform to build a website, there’s a very good chance you’ll be using WordPress—which also means if you want to teach yourself how to use a platform, this is the most strategic option.
Why Use WordPress?
It ultimately depends on what you’re trying to accomplish, what your site needs to be able to do, and who you’re building it for. In certain cases, though, working in WordPress had advantages over building from scratch.
1. It Lets You Skip the Learning Curve
When it comes to WordPress, you’ll experience more limitations on what you can build, but the WordPress user interface is extremely forgiving in terms of experience level. WordPress’ limitations come by way of the fact that WordPress operates on themes (stylesheets that control a WordPress site’s fonts, header/footer/sidebar positioning, line spacing, margins, etc.) and templates (pre-designed layouts specific to individual pages on a WordPress site).
And it’s important to note that you can use HTML, CSS, and a language called PHP (see below) to customize your WordPress experience and build your own themes and templates, you’ll just need to follow WordPress conventions (versus the open-ended world of hand-coding).
2. You Can Start Building Right Away
You can also build a WordPress site without any coding knowledge, relying solely on WordPress’ robust library of pre-made themes and templates.This is where WordPress’ accessibility outweighs its limitations. If you’re brand new to web development, WordPress can be an ideal place to start, since you can hit the ground running and introduce more custom options to your work as your skill level increases.
3. It’s Easier to Pass Ownership to Clients
There’s one other benefit to WordPress’ flexible learning curve: WordPress sites can be designed so that the client you’re building them for can add and update content on their own. Once a WordPress site is built, doing routine edits and updates is a matter of clicking menu buttons and dragging and dropping files.
4. WordPress Plugins Give You All the Options
Another key component of the WordPress platform is WordPress’ plugin library. Plugins are software applications (some free to use and some that require a fee) that introduce specific functions to WordPress websites—things like improving a site’s load times, blocking spam comments, or monitoring your site’s traffic and usage data. You can search for plugins directly from a WordPress site’s administrator page and install them with a click of a button.
And if you can’t find that perfect plugin for, or you simply want to create one that’s unique to your specifications, you can do that, too. PHP is the coding language used to build WordPress plugins, so if you decide to spend time learning PHP, you’ll have the skills to customize your WordPress sites even further.
So, Should You Learn to Use WordPress?
The big takeaway? Regardless of your tech skill level, WordPress is a powerful and flexible platform for creating websites and learning as you go. You can start working with WordPress even if you’re coming in from square one, and—as your skills develop—you can start building more custom sites and unlocking a wider base of clients to build those sites for.